Menopause, an inevitable phase in every woman’s life, comes with challenges. Yet, recognizing the signs of coming to the end of menopause can help one better manage this transition and the associated symptoms.

Approximately 2 million women in the United States enter menopause each year. (Source: National Institute on Aging) 

Menopause is a natural biological process where a woman transitions from her fertile years into a stage where the ovaries stop producing eggs. It encompasses several stages, including perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause.

What is Menopause?

Menopause marks the end of menstrual cycles and fertility in women. It’s diagnosed when a woman has gone 12 months without a menstrual period.

The average age of menopause in the United States is 51.4 years old. (Source: National Institute on Aging)

Stages of Menopause

The journey through menopause is divided into three stages: perimenopause (transition), menopause, and postmenopause, each with its unique signs and symptoms.

Perimenopause (Transition)

Perimenopause, the menopause transition, begins several years before actual menopause. It’s the time when the ovaries gradually start to produce less estrogen. It typically starts in a woman’s 40s but can begin in the 30s as well.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Irregular Periods: Ovulation becomes more unpredictable; and the length of time between periods may be longer or shorter, and flow may vary.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing night sweats that disrupt sleep.
  • Hot Flashes and Night Sweats: Sudden warmth, usually in the upper body, can cause sweating and red patches on the skin.
  • Mood Changes: Mood swings, irritability, and even mild depression.
  • Vaginal Issues: Dryness due to decreased estrogen can lead to discomfort during sex.
  • Decrease in Fertility: Reduced chances of getting pregnant.


Menopause is when a woman hasn’t had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. With this, the ovaries have stopped releasing eggs and producing most estrogen. The age at which women naturally experience menopause can vary, but it usually occurs between ages 45 and 55.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Absent Periods: No menstrual periods for a year.
  • Hot Flashes can persist from perimenopause and might last years after menopause.
  • Vaginal Dryness: Continuation or worsening from the perimenopause stage.
  • Mood Swings: Similar to perimenopause but may decrease intensity for some women.
  • Bone Loss: Decreased estrogen can lead to bone density loss and increase the risk of osteoporosis.
  • Cholesterol Levels: Changes in the levels might lead to an increased risk of heart disease.


Postmenopause refers to the years after menopause has occurred. Most of the menopause symptoms experienced during perimenopause and menopause gradually decrease. However, due to the reduced estrogen levels, health risks associated with the loss of this hormone rise.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Vaginal Dryness: Can continue into postmenopause.
  • Bone Loss: The risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures might increase.
  • Heart Health: Due to the changes in cholesterol and other heart-health markers during menopause, postmenopausal women are at a higher risk of heart disease.
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced elasticity of the tissues of the vagina and urethra can lead to frequent, sudden urges to urinate or urine leakage during sneezing, laughing, or lifting.
  • Decreased Fat Metabolism: There might be a decrease in metabolism, leading to weight gain.
  • Vaginal Atrophy: Thinning, drying, and inflammation of the vaginal walls.

Understanding these stages and the associated symptoms can help women better prepare and seek appropriate care and interventions to manage their well-being during these transitional times.

Typical Duration of Menopause

While the timeline for menopause varies among women, understanding the general duration of menopause can provide insight into this life phase.

Time Frame for Menopause

Menopause typically occurs between 45 and 55, with an average onset at age 51. The period from the beginning to the end can last several years.

Factors Affecting Menopause Duration

Factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and overall health can affect the onset and duration of menopause.

Signs and Symptoms Indicating the End of Menopause

As menopause concludes, some symptoms ease, offering signs of this transition.

Changes in Menstrual Patterns

One of the significant signs of coming to the end of menopause is a woman’s cessation of periods for at least 12 consecutive months.

Decrease in Hot Flashes and Night Sweats

A decline in the frequency and intensity of hot flashes and night sweats often indicates the approaching end of menopause.

Mood Swings and Sleep Disturbances

Stabilization in mood and improved sleep patterns can signify that menopause is ending.

Alleviation of Vaginal Dryness and Discomfort

Easing vaginal dryness and sexual discomfort often suggests a woman is moving into the postmenopausal stage.


Hormonal Changes Signifying the End of Menopause

Hormonal levels stabilize post-menopause, with the body adapting to lower levels of estrogen and progesterone.

How to Confirm the End of Menopause

Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider, including hormone level testing, can help confirm the transition to postmenopause.

Life After Menopause: What to Expect

Post-menopause ushers in a new phase in a woman’s life, which can be embraced positively with healthy lifestyle modifications.


Knowing the signs of coming to the end of menopause empowers women to navigate this life phase confidently. Regular health check-ups and a balanced lifestyle remain vital for optimal health in postmenopausal years.


What are some complications of postmenopause? 

Due to reduced estrogen levels, Postmenopause can increase risks of conditions such as osteoporosis, heart disease, and urinary incontinence.

Does menopause cause weight gain? 

Most women experience weight gain during menopause due to changes in hormone levels, metabolism, and lifestyle.

Does menopause end naturally or require treatment? 

Menopause is a natural biological process, but treatment can help manage symptoms and health risks associated with reduced estrogen levels.

Can menopause symptoms return after ending? 

Postmenopausal symptoms may continue or start even after periods have stopped, and new symptoms associated with aging and reduced estrogen levels may also occur.